Natural Building Blog

Earthbag Building & Other Natural Building Methods

How Many Bags Does it Take?

We often get questions from people wondering how many bags they need to have on hand for some particular project. Is there a formula to figure this out?

First you need to calculate the total square footage (or square meters) of  the wall you intend to build. This can be done by simply multiplying the length times the height, and then to be precise, you can deduct the size of the windows and doors from this…but I usually don’t do this because it is better to over-estimate how many bags you might need, and also, you always need some partial bags to keep the brick pattern going.

If your wall is curved you’ll need to figure out the running length of the wall by either making a scale drawing and measuring the length that way, or in the case of a circle you can use the formula Length = 3.14 X the diameter for this.

Figuring out the surface area of a dome is obviously more complicated, partly because there are many shapes for domes. If the dome is close to hemispherical (not recommended for structural reasons) the formula would be 3.14 X the diameter squared. If the dome more closely resembles a cone, then the formula would be 3.14 X the radius X the radius plus the length from circle at the base to the top of the cone. Either of  these formulas could be used to estimate approximately what the area of your dome might be, especially, if that total is then padded by not deducting openings, or simply rounding upward.

As far as bag coverage goes, it depends on the size of the bag how much square footage it will cover. I used what were labeled 50 lb. rice bags to build my house. These measured roughly 5″ X 20″ when laid in a wall and compacted. That is approximately .7 of a sq. ft.  A nominal 100 lb. bag might actually be considerably larger than what I used, so you’ll need to run some tests to determine what kind of coverage to expect. The 50 lb. bags I used measured about 18″ X 30″ when laid flat.

Once you have figured out what the area of one bag might be after it is filled and tamped, then you can  divide that figure into your total wall space to get the total number of bags needed. For instance, with the 50 lb. bags that I used, you would divide the area by .7 to get the total number of bags needed. In this case, for example, a 100 square foot wall would require roughly 143 bags.

Happy calculating!

←More from Bag Material

5 Responses to “How Many Bags Does it Take?”

  1. anuska says:

    Great article and very good content. i’m very happy to read this article on your blog.thanks for sharing..

  2. Simon Fyall says:

    Anyone know of suppliers in Mexico? we are starting our earthbag house in the jungle near Tulum in Quintana Roo. Appreciate your help!

  3. Steve Villa says:

    We sell woven pp bag material in continuous rolls.

  4. Derek says:

    Well it seems that by my calculations (based on yours of course) i will need circa 1700 50lbs rice bags. Did you source your bags locally, or have to buy bulk from china? Any suggestions for the new-to-PP-bag-buying-market, what type of cost should one be factoring in?

    • Kelly Hart says:

      I bought misprinted rice bags in bales of 1000 bags from Innpack, LLC,, Memphis, TN, Contact: Nina Sanders, 1-800-622-3695 Ext. 102. They can actually be shipped via UPS. This was several years ago, and at that time they cost about $170 for a bale; I’m sure they are more now.

Leave a Reply